671,000 Rohingya refugees have fled targeted violence and serious human rights violations in Myanmar since August 2017. Many walked for days through the forest to reach safety in Bangladesh, including pregnant women, young children, the sick and the elderly. Refugees have spontaneously settled in and around existing refugee communities in two main settlements, Kutupalong and Nayapara, overstretching already-limited services and scarce resources.
Six months on, the monsoon season is approaching and the risk of an emergency within the emergency is still looming. UNHCR, the Government of Bangladesh, and partners continue to work around the clock to provide protection and assistance to refugees, while also supporting host populations affected by the influx.
75% of the Rohingya refugees who fled during the latest crisis arrived in September 2017. Although the rate of arrival has significantly decreased – fewer than 1,500 refugees crossed into Bangladesh in January 2018 – the steady inflow has created the world’s most densely populated refugee settlement.